In the judgement of many Calvinists, culture is profoundly important. Calvinism speaks of God’s kingship or will in two distinct ways: God’s ‘will of decree’ and God’s ‘will of precept’. But what is God’s plan? ‘Culture’ outlines the two-kingdoms doctrine where Calvinists distinguish between God’s governing of the world and his governing of the church. Calvinists and Neo-Calvinists both affirm God’s lordship over every sphere of life, but their thoughts diverge on God’s plans for these spheres and particularly on whether the cultural sphere is a part of his redemptive plans. To understand their position we need to address Calvinist understandings of culture and common grace. Calvinism’s cultural legacy is also discussed.