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p. 646. Who owned the scrolls?locked

  • Timothy H. Lim


‘Who owned the scrolls?’ attempts to determine the ancient ownership of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The prevailing theory, with some modifications, is the Qumran–Essene theory, which posits that the Essene people lived in the site and were responsible for the creation of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Various evidence from the scrolls themselves, the archaeological Khirbet Qumran site, and primary historical sources support this. For instance, Pliny the Elder located a tribe living at Qumran during his travels in his Historia Naturalis that matched historical descriptions. Handwriting matches between the scrolls and inscriptions at Khirbet Qumran have also been found. Alternative but refuted theories suggest different uses for the site.

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