- Manfred B. Steger
Like all social processes, globalization operates on an ideological dimension filled with norms, claims, beliefs, and narratives about the phenomenon itself. ‘Ideologies of globalization’ outlines three types of globalism that compete for adherents around the world. Market globalism seeks to endow ‘globalization’ with free-market norms and neoliberal meanings. Contesting market globalism from the political Left, justice globalism constructs an alternative vision based on egalitarian ideals of global solidarity and distributive justice. From the political Right, various religious globalisms seek to mobilize a religious community imagined in global terms in defence of religious values and beliefs that are thought to be under severe attack by the forces of secularism and consumerism.