Social measurement spans a vast range of topics. It underpins government, public policy, international relations, industrial relations, economics, academic social science research, aspects of business and commerce, and education, health, and transport systems. It is necessary for understanding our societies and how we live in them, for monitoring and indeed guiding change, to decide if things are working, and to provide accountability. ‘Measurement in the social sciences, economics, business, and public policy’ shows that, generally, social measures are aggregate measures summarizing many individual values. Statistical summaries might be based on data from every member of a population or a mere sample. It also discusses economic indicators and gaming.