For modern readers, despite not being typical representatives of the school, Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius are the foundation for our understanding of Stoicism for two reasons. First, except for Seneca, theirs are the earliest and almost only complete works we have from the ancient Stoics. Second, both Epictetus and Marcus are atypical in the way they wrote and the kind of audience they chose to address. ‘Reading Stoics today’ considers why Seneca is not more important in our contemporary popular understanding of Stoicism. How did the Stoic whose legacy was of such basic importance in the later middle ages and Renaissance come to take a back seat in general culture?