Overwhelming evidence now confirms that humans are changing Earth in unprecedented ways. With such evidence, the proposal to recognize the Anthropocene as a new interval of geologic time—the Anthropocene epoch—would seem without issue. Yet the opposite is true. The Anthropocene remains highly controversial even among Earth scientists. ‘Origins’ considers different origin stories—from the myths of ancient Greece to the First Copernican Revolution to Darwin’s origins of man. The significance of the Anthropocene resides in its role as a new lens through which age-old narratives and philosophical questions are being revisited and rewritten. It concludes that there are good reasons to accept that a new chapter of Earth history might indeed be unfolding, with humans playing a leading role.