Humans are the ultimate ecosystem engineers. From land clearing using fire, to domesticating other species, and tilling the soil, there is a long, rich, and diachronous history of human transformation of Earth’s environments. The Anthropocene tells a story about human capacity to transform Earth. But when does the story begin? ‘Anthropos’ considers the archaeological evidence of human impact on Earth and concludes that the Industrial Revolution and the Great Acceleration are merely the latest, and most impactful, chapters in a long, entangled, and evolving history of human transformation of Earth’s environments; a history that is still unfolding.