Show Summary Details
Page of

date: 24 May 2022

p. 11. From Pentecost to Christopher Columbus (AD 30–1492)locked

p. 11. From Pentecost to Christopher Columbus (AD 30–1492)locked

  • Gerald O’Collins

Abstract

‘From Pentecost to Christopher Columbus’ traces the origins and early development of the Catholic Church. Early Christianity was characterized by missionary outreach, ordained bishops, the sacraments of baptism and the Eucharist, and, until the conversion of Constantine, by severe persecution. Major heresies arose and were refuted by councils of the Church. A split with Orthodox Christianity in 1054 led to a Western, over-centralized system focused on the pope. While the theologians Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas, the monastic movement, and, indeed, the Crusades, all proved influential, the expeditions of Columbus and the Protestant Reformation changed forever the direction of Catholic history.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.