Colonialism profoundly transformed African political, economic, and social structures. The exploitation of Africa’s labour and natural resources for the benefit of the metropoles was to have intense implications for the continent as it emerged towards independence in the 1960s as, in most cases, the foundations necessary for the construction of sovereign, economically viable, and politically stable African states did not exist. ‘The transfer of power and the colonial legacy’ describes how the European powers left most of their colonial possessions unprepared for self-rule. The key colonial legacy was economic, which massively influenced the political realm. Initial state and nation building encouraged the centralization of power and creation of political monopolies.