Modern Africa’s first formalized liberal democracies came with various legislatures left behind by the colonialists. Yet soon after independence, most new African leaders enforced their own imprints on the states, restructuring, even abolishing, the various institutions they controlled, suggesting them to be colonial burdens inappropriate for African conditions. One-party systems of government became the norm. ‘Democracy in Africa’ discusses the wave of democratization beginning in the 1990s and the introduction of multiparty elections. The quality of Africa’s democracies is, however, uneven; despite political changes, the entrenchment of democratic values remains shallow and compromised. However, some progress has been made: around one-quarter of African states are now ‘free’.