In March 2017, two events illustrated the EU’s achievement and fragility. The first, the sixtieth anniversary of the signing of the Rome treaties, was an opportunity to reflect on how the integration process has become fundamental to European governance and government, reaching into almost every area of public policy. The second was the UK’s submission of their intention to withdraw from the EU. ‘Much accomplished … but what next?’ asks whether the EU has the necessary powers and structures to achieve its objectives, but also whether its objectives are even the right ones. Without considering the latter, the former risks becoming an exercise in political narcissism.