- Simon Usherwood
- and John Pinder
‘An area of freedom, security and justice’ explains the two main aims of the Schengen Agreements of 1985 and 1990. The first concerned border controls: to eliminate those internal to Schengenland; establish controls round its external frontier; and set rules to deal with asylum, immigration, and the movement or residence of other countries’ nationals within the area. The second was to cooperate in combating crime. While conditions in the EU are, in a general sense, notably free, secure, and just when compared with almost all other parts of the world, the persisting divisions between member states and the EU result in confused lines of control and limited scope for action.