According to Marx, it is the powers of production—the ‘productive forces’—which give rise to relations of production, and these relations constitute the economic structure of society. ‘The goal of history’ considers Marx’s theory of history and what Marx meant by these ‘productive forces’. Relations of production are relations between people and things. There exists a three-stage process: productive forces determine relations of production, which in turn determine the political, legal, and ideological superstructure. The productive forces are fundamental. Their growth provides the momentum for the whole process of history. The development of productive forces, and the liberation of human capacities that this development will bring, is the goal of history.