How, in Marx’s view, would capitalism be overthrown? And what kind of society did Marx believe would replace capitalism? The simple answers are: capitalism would be overthrown by revolution and replaced by communism. ‘Communism and revolution’ explains that Marx was reticent over the details of communist society. He believed that history owed its momentum to the development of the forces of production rather than the development of ideas. Marx saw his role as raising the revolutionary consciousness of the workers and preparing for the revolution that would occur when conditions were ripe. In proposing a solution to the problem of the individual and the community, Marx was contributing to a tradition in moral philosophy going back at least to Plato.