Foucault was as unwilling to accept an identity based on his sexuality as he was on any other area of his life. His interest was, as always, an academic one. He was interested in gay explorations of new forms of human community and identity. ‘Modern sex’ evaluates Foucault’s History of Sexuality and its treatment of issues of power, gender, repression, and sexuality. His project of a history of sexuality extended to a history of modern bio-power and it also led him to believe that his study of sexuality was part of an effort to understand the process by which individuals became subjects.