‘History’ examines Egyptian history. The Narmer Palette and various other ‘protodynastic’ artefacts have long been regarded as lying at the interface of prehistory and history in ancient Egypt. Indeed, the palette was interpreted as a record of the first truly significant historical ‘event’ in Egyptian history: the military defeat of Lower Egypt (the delta region in the north) by the ruler of an expanding Upper Egyptian Kingdom. The interpretation of Predynastic palettes and mace-heads are useful to enable us to extract myth and history. There are numerous ways in which Egyptologists have set about creating a chronological framework for ancient Egypt, using a complex mixture of archaeological data, texts, and scientific dating methods.