How does globalization relate to geopolitics? Globalization, it has frequently been assumed, transformed the world. The result was that territory and international borders were given less significance in shaping human affairs. ‘Geopolitical architectures’ illustrates how conversely globalization coexists with a geopolitical architecture involving states and other non-state actors. Far from eroding state borders and territory lines, it contributes to dynamic reconfigurations. Globalization relates to the movement of people, ideas, technology, and goods. Geopolitical architecture describes the ways in which states and non-state organizations access, manage, and regulate these movements and the intersection of territories. The current geopolitical architecture faces considerable challenges such as anti-American sentiment, Islamic militancy, resource competition, and geopolitical challengers such as China.