Show Summary Details

p. 272. The laying of the foundations (to 1781)locked

  • Nicholas Boyle


‘The laying of the foundations (to 1781)’ explains how, from the middle of the thirteenth century, the social and political tensions were becoming apparent that were to determine the culture of modern Germany. The monetarization of economic relations, the replacement of feudal dues and payments in kind by rents paid in cash, a process which in urban areas was largely complete by the end of the thirteenth century, had a fundamental effect on conceptions of personal identity. As literacy spread, the new concept of individual identity, reinforced by the practice of solitary and silent reading, rapidly made obsolete the chivalrous literature of feudalism.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.