To what extent does the China envisaged a century ago resemble the China that exists now? ‘Brave new China?’ questions whether China today really is a ‘brave new world’ even though a glance at the Shanghai night cityscape may make it appear to be so. China has constantly had to engage in a balancing act between the state, the party, and the people. What do the Chinese people think? Are they allowed to be unhappy? Are they allowed to openly discuss their views without being infantilized by an over-protective state and party? The Chinese journey continues.