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p. 11. Nations under lawlocked

  • Vaughan Lowe

Abstract

The most basic function of international law is to secure the coexistence of the world’s almost 200 sovereign States. ‘Nations under law’ explains the essential conditions of statehood under international law: having a permanent population; an effective government; a physical territory; the capacity to enter into relations with other States; and legitimacy as an independent State. International law provides for the security of States’ borders, and for their right to be free from invasion and coercion by neighbouring States. It underpins the right of each State to choose its political, economic, and social structures.

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