Countee Cullen’s poem Heritage (1925) asks “What is Africa to me?” a phrase that resonated with many black Americans during the Harlem Renaissance. They knew little about Africa but felt that they were related to it. With its representation of Africa as a lost Eden, the poem fulfilled the desire for a spiritual connection. ‘What is Africa to me?’ discusses the painters who drew on Africa’s artistic traditions; the political motivations of Marcus Mosiah Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois who organized Pan Africanist congresses; and essays and poems by writers such as Jessie Fauset and Langston Hughes who had seen the continent at firsthand.