Modernism has been quite hostile to biography, which until the 20th-century was largely un-theorised. ‘Against Biography’ examines the aesthetic and artistic objections to biography by literary and scholarly writers. Whilst biographies for the general reader have largely ignored these critical arguments, other factors such as ethical objections to intrusiveness and tabloid sensationalism have also generated hostility to the genre. The often tense relationship between subject and biographer and their respective roles in controlling the content of biographies is also examined. To be ‘against’ biography is an argument about property, ownership, and control.