Whilst 18th-century neodruidic societies embraced the trappings of romantic druidism — occasionally making spurious claims to legitimate descent from the Druids of the Classical world — they were essentially benefit societies. They served the social, economic, and emotional needs of people caught up in the exponential changes of the period from the late 18th century to the early 20th century. ‘Neodruids and the neopagans’ points out that the development of the Welfare State reduced the need for such organizations. The 1960s saw a rapid growth in the invention and practice of neopagan beliefs, including a number of groups styling themselves Druids. More recently, neopaganism has continued to increase in popularity.