‘Etruscology: Its Origins and Development’ examines the scholarly study of the Etruscans and how we first became interested in this small race of people. It happened in the twelfth century when looting resulted in the discovery, or rediscovery, of Etruscans’ tombs. This started an age of scholarship. The Etruscans were viewed as champions of republicanism and federal action, enlightened monarchs, doughty opponents of Rome, or mystically pious. The scant evidence encouraged this Renaissance reconstruction and that was part of the attraction of the Etruscans. The eighteenth century was a golden time of discovery as archaeological expertise increased. There is still more to discover about the Etruscans.