‘The origins of the Etruscans’ examines the debate surrounding the question of where the Etruscans came from. This debate has been prompted by evidence in ancient literary sources. There are three theories: the Etruscans came from Lydia; they were the same as the Pelasgians; they were native to Italy. However, Etruscan is not an Indo-European language, which is strange in Italy. The opposite approach to a migration hypothesis to a group’s origins is autochthony: the argument that a people had always been in a particular place. Perhaps the Etruscans were different because they had been local for so long.