‘Empire, crisis, and response, 600–300 bc’ turns to a prosperous and successful period in Etruscan society, characterized by some of the most well-known iconic moments in Etruscan art, tomb painting, and sculpture. This was also a period of tension and unrest, which would end in political decline. The archaeology of the Etruscans hints at a complicated and fascinating set of approaches to political life in the region and we should try to understand the region’s art and culture in the context of its political evolution. Many changes happened during this period, including in architecture. We should acknowledge that the interactions between the many cultures influencing the Etruscans were more complex than we might want to admit.