- Mary Jane Tacchi
- and Jan Scott
For many centuries, the only intervention for melancholia involved admission into an asylum, initially to keep individuals away from society and then, from the 18th century, to provide therapeutic care. ‘The evolution of treatments’ discusses the crude treatments that were first introduced for inpatients such as sedation (barbiturates and insulin coma therapy) and physical treatments (electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery). Next, it discusses the development of the medications that are used today for inpatients and outpatients, such as antidepressants and the mood stabilizer lithium. Finally, it looks at the evolution of psychotherapies from early Freudian models through to mindfulness and the potential barriers to providing psychological interventions in the real world.