‘An outline history of publishing for children in English’ traces children's literature from the classical world to the present. Early texts were instructional, teaching children how to be good Christians or good citizens. By the end of the 19th century, children's literature embraced fantasy, fairy tales, nonsense, and an array of genres. Mid-20th century children's literature depicted the white, middle-class world of happy heterosexual families, though children of different backgrounds, ethnicities and, latterly, sexualities, were eventually introduced and writers began to confront a range of topical issues. The prolonging of childhood led to the rise of teen culture and the creation of young adult literature.