Modern science continues to seek out greater scientific knowledge using the same aims and methods as the early modern natural philosophers. Some of these came from the Middle Ages and before, but much comes from the era of the Scientific Revolution. Despite these links with the past, much has changed too. The Conclusion summarizes the legacy of the Scientific Revolution and examines what has changed since then in the world of scientific exploration. The Scientific Revolution was a period of both continuity and change, of innovation as well as tradition. The complexity and exuberance of that period means that it is a most fascinating and important era in the history of science.