‘Marx’ explains how in debates which form the context of the work of Karl Marx people begin to talk for the first time of the ‘end of philosophy’. From the 1830s onwards, philosophy became explicitly connected to politics. One reason for this is that philosophy was subject to history in ways that had previously not been appreciated. Marx's early work of the 1840s and the concept of ‘alienation’ is examined as well as his mature work in Capital. Marx thinks of the move beyond this world in terms of political and social revolution, in which the proletariat abolishes the system that oppresses it. Whether that would bring with it the abolition of philosophy depends on how one interprets the goal of philosophy.