The division between ‘European/Continental’ and ‘analytical’ philosophy is a modern construction. ‘Neo-Kantianism, analytical philosophy, and phenomenology’ looks at the basis of this division. It is best considered as a series of contrasting approaches to modern philosophical questions rather than a single one. These were the main forms of German university philosophy during the late 19th and early 20th century. Their main focus was the role of philosophy in the natural sciences. Why did they concentrate here? What is the difference between Kantianism and neo-Kantianism? What is meant by the ‘lingustic turn’?