‘What is leadership?’ explains that there is no general agreement on the basic meaning of ‘leadership’, but acknowledges that we do need to know what the various definitions are to make sense of each other's arguments. The four types of leadership considered are position-based, person-based, result-based, and process-based. Using case studies such as Benjamin Franklin and Admiral Nelson, the characteristics of these leadership types are discussed. The conclusion is that without followers, you cannot be a leader, no matter how many ‘individual’ competences you might have. Instead, the importance of leadership ‘practices’ — not what leaders ‘have’, but what they ‘do’ — might be considered.