Martin Luther did not aim to start a Western tradition of religious liberty, nor did he aim to defy pope and emperor to defend ideas of democracy. These ideas were beyond him. His struggle for Christian freedom did, however, anticipate later struggles for religious freedom. As a political and philosophical thinker, Luther was not the first to be modern. He was just lucky. Without the Reformation, Luther would have been just another unfortunate critic of the medieval Roman Church. ‘Luther and the Reformation’ explains the build-up to Luther's actions in the early 16th century and looks at why he had such a legacy. What makes Luther different from the other reformers who share with him the monument in Worms?