Martin Luther searched the Bible in vain for features of the piety practiced by fellow believers, such as acquiring indulgences in order to avoid penance for sin and to reduce tenure in purgatory. This formed his criticism in the Ninety-Five Theses. ‘The new Christianity’ explains where Luther's Christianity came from. By the time he was excommunicated, Luther was putting forward an alternative Christianity. Was he proposing a new Christianity? Luther had no intention of starting a new Church. His agenda was to recover the authenticity of a lost Christianity. Luther's vision was utopian, and it united controversies every day. But he was attacked by his Roman opponents and former colleagues.