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p. 153. Discoverylocked

  • Sebastian G.B. Amyes

Abstract

‘Discovery’ begins in the late 17th century with the work of Antonie van Leewenhoek who, using crude glass lenses as magnifying glasses, was able to see and describe red blood cells and single-celled organisms such as bacteria. Louis Pastuer's germ theory of infection and vaccination programmes of the late nineteenth-century are then described along with Jospeh Lister's use of carbolic acid to prevent infection after surgery and Robert Koch's discoveries of the bacteria responsible for diphtheria, typhoid, pneumonia, gonorrhoea, meningitis, leprosy, bubonic plague, tetanus, anthrax, and tuberculosis. The bacteria Helicobacter pylori, Campylobacter, Legionella pneumophila, and Escherichia coli and their roles in disease are also discussed.

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