‘King John's ‘‘little ways’’’ addresses the issues surrounding John's kingship. A description of John's rise from obscurity to power is accompanied by an overview of John's reign and conduct, character, and actions. Both Richard and John used fines to raise money for a throne that became bankrupt through their own actions. John loses his French lands, makes an enemy of the church, enacts unreasonable laws, and resorts to extortion, kidnapping and murder. In order to protect himself, John decides to make peace with the Church — he does this by offering England and Ireland as papal fiefdoms to the papacy. The kingdom is shocked, the clergy outraged, the barons brought to rebellion.