‘The charter as totem and as artefact’ explores the ways in which Magna Carta has been used in the centuries after its creation. Magna Carta's role in the power struggle between Parliament and the Stuart dynasty is outlined, as is its importance for the American Revolution, the French Revolution, British parliamentary reform, English law reform, and World War II. What have been the challenges to Magna Carta, and which clauses of the 1225 version remain in law? How many copies of Magna Carta survive, and does the ‘original’ still exist? Finally, What work still needs to be done to fully understand the language and significance of Magna Carta in the 21st century?