‘What is organization?’ defines organizations and charts their development, before showing different ways of thinking about them. Organization is working together in a coordinated way to achieve goals. All social species, such as bees, ants and apes, organize, and humans have done so since prehistoric times. Organization allowed individuals to specialize and increase efficiency. The development of economies and institutions led to trade between organizations, and eventually globalization. It is difficult to directly compare an organization with the act of organizing. Organizations can be thought of in many different ways, such as machines, living organisms, cultures, and psychic prisons.