We can't ignore the fact that any account of martyrdom will be selective. Should the six million Jews killed during the Second World War be described as heroes, as martyrs, or both? Should the Tutsi and moderate Hutu killed during the 100-day genocide in Rwanda in 1994 be considered martyrs? ‘Questioning martyrdom’ asks: who is a martyr? For some, a martyr and martyrdom are objective empirical realities that can be studied in isolation; for others, they are created largely by later communities. What happens to the bodies of martyrs? How is martyrdom deconstructed and categorized? How are the stories adapted and translated? How is suffering represented and changed through martyrdom?