‘Gothic Whiggery’ charts the further development of the reinvented Gothic culture during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Gothic flourished in 18th-century Britain. The characteristic ‘Gothic Constitution’ of the previous century as a form of government that embodied natural rights appealed to Whigs and nonconformists. Gothicism was also adapted to the mercantile concerns of contemporary Whigs. The physical evidence of Gothicism could be seen everywhere in the remains of abbeys and monasteries and these sites became shrines for poetic reflection and historic meditation. Ruins became popular in garden design and architecture. By the middle of the century, the architectural Gothic revival was well underway.