‘Diplomacy in the age of globalization’ discusses the diplomatic challenges faced by globalization. The diplomacy of the global economic system ranges from the activities of transnational corporations to the interventions of global economic intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), particularly the World Trade Organization. These all have important diplomatic webs that operate both within and outside the traditional diplomatic system. This is also true of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) which play a significant role in filling service gaps in the provision of education, health and welfare, disaster relief, and small-scale infrastructure development left by governments with insufficient resources or insufficient political will. The United Nation's Millennium Development Goals and human security are also considered.