‘Men, women, and the gods’ examines how the Romans saw their ancestors and themselves by looking at stories of their heroic forebears. What effect did the demands of dignitas and gloria have on those who dominated Roman social and political life? What were the roles expected of Roman men and women and the social and religious principles that governed their lives? The pressure to emulate and surpass the achievements of their ancestors helped drive the military expansion of the Republic. There was a close union between politics and religion in Rome and Romans sought to maintain the gods' favour through the religious principle of the pax deorum, the ‘peace of the gods’.