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p. 464. Carthage must be destroyedlocked

  • David M. Gwynn


By 275 bc Rome had gained control over central and southern Italy, but it was still no more than a regional power. ‘Carthage must be destroyed’ examines how the broadening of Roman horizons beyond Italy brought Rome into direct conflict with its most dangerous enemy: Carthage. The Punic wars reaffirmed both the resilience of the Roman Republic and the loyalty it inspired from its Italian allies, however victory came at a price: the massive manpower losses impacted upon Rome's predominantly agricultural society and the combination of social dislocation and rising wealth acquired through expansion played a crucial role in the internal crises Rome faced during the following century.

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