‘Mistress of the Mediterranean’ examines the attitude of Rome towards the Greek east and the extension of Roman dominion to the eastern Mediterranean. What was the impact of Greek influence upon Roman life? The Greeks were recognized as the arbiters of civilization and the Romans did not want simply to conquer them, however they faced pressure to reassure their allies in Greece of their support. In contrast to the wars fought in Spain, in the Greek east Rome initially relied more on diplomacy. By 194 bc Roman troops had been withdrawn. Greek works of art flooded into Italy and knowledge of Greek language and literature attained a new importance.