How was Republican art and architecture shaped by outside influences? What does it tell us about Roman life? ‘Word and image’ explains how the earliest Latin poet we know by name, Livius Andronicus, was himself a Greek and his Latin translation of Homer's Odyssey was used in Roman schools for centuries. Despite this, Republican culture remained distinctively Roman. The writings of Plautus and Cicero and the paintings of Pompeii reflect Roman values. The themes of Catullus' poetry illuminate the living social world of Rome that political narratives tend to conceal, and Cicero's speeches and treatises reveal his vision of the Republic and his conception of a proper moral Roman life.