Show Summary Details

p. 727. Spinlocked

  • Stephan Blundell


‘Spin’ considers the movement of electrons orbiting around the nucleus of an atom. Physicists such as Wolfgang Pauli, Pieter Zeeman, Ralph Kronig, George Uhlenbeck, Samuel Goudsmit, Llewellyn Thomas, Otto Stern, and Walther Gerlach spent many years trying to solve the puzzle of electron spin through different experiments. The mathematical theory of spin began to be developed in the 1920s, but it was the work of Paul Dirac in 1928 that solved the problem. By fusing relativity and quantum mechanics, the two great products of the early 20th-century revolution in physics, Dirac had assembled an equation that describes the origin of spin, the fundamental element of the magnetism of the electron.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.