Cnossos, along with four other centres extending along the length of the island of Crete, was developed around 2000 bce (rather than 3000 bce as is often thought). ‘Cnossos’ describes the history and what we know of this important area. The Cretan Late Bronze Age palace — Cnossos's measured some 750 square metres in area — functioned politically and ceremonially as the seat and symbol of power exercised by an important chief or overlord. The regime was mainly agrarian. Cnossos's — and Crete's — political heyday fell in the firmly prehistoric Bronze Age, but the eras of Dark Age and Archaic Crete (eleventh to ninth centuries, seventh to sixth centuries) were not total cultural blanks by any means.