The First World War is often described as the most transformative event in modern Middle Eastern history as British occupation of Arab territories ended four centuries of Ottoman rule. ‘British Palestine 1917–37’ sets out the ways in which the British shaped and ruled over the newly created state of Palestine. This was a quixotic, and ultimately doomed, experiment in facilitating Arab-Zionist cohabitation in one state. This period of rule lasted around thirty years. This was long enough for the establishment of new national frameworks and, in contrast, the elaboration of ethno-religious fractures that would contribute to Palestine's eventual partition.