After the period of British rule, when the Yisuv proclaimed statehood in 1948 the British were portrayed as the oppressors. ‘Palestine partitioned 1937–47’ focuses on the ten-year period following the 1937 Peel partition plan and the outbreak of a peasant-led Arab rebellion that would be brutally repressed by the British. The Second World War broke the British Empire, which had broken the Ottoman one before it. This war produced the right conditions of regional and international pressure whose mutually reinforcing forces would accelerate the end of colonial rule in Palestine. During this decade, the British lost control of an increasingly turbulent situation in Palestine.