How does the changing nature of the state affect international relations? Has globalization created a new world order of institutions, markets, and networks? ‘Global governance’ examines the effects of globalization on the idea of the sovereign state. Both realists and liberals present international relations as an anarchical system in which states interact by trade, war, and diplomacy, without any effective world government regulating their actions. Global governance shifts attention away from sovereign states and towards global patterns of activity, with some arguing that states have been radically reshaped. Others argue that states have simply begun to use new modes of governance to advance their long-standing goals.